Nonstoichiometric Phases of Two-Dimensional Transition-Metal Dichalcogenides: From Chalcogen Vacancies to Pure Metal Membranes

Тип документаJournal Article
Дата публикации2019-11-07
Название журналаJournal of Physical Chemistry Letters
ИздательAmerican Chemical Society
Квартиль по SCImagoQ1
Квартиль по Web of ScienceQ1
Импакт-фактор 20216.89
ISSN19487185
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
General Materials Science
Краткое описание
Two-dimensional (2D) membranes consisting of a single layer of Mo atoms were recently manufactured [Adv. Mater. 30 (2018) 1707281] from MoSe2 sheets by sputtering Se atoms using electron beam in a transmission electron microscope. This is an unexpected result, as formation of Mo clusters should energetically be more favorable. To get microscopic insights into the energetics of realistic Mo membranes and non- stoichiometric phases of transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) MaXb, where (M = Mo, W) and (X= S, Se, Te), we carry out first-principles calculations and demonstrate that the membranes, which can be referred to as metallic quantum dots embedded into semiconducting matrix, can be stabilized by charge transfer. We also show that an ideal neutral 2D Mo or W sheet is not flat, but a corrugated structure, with a square lattice being the lowest energy configuration. We further demonstrate that several intermediate non-stoichiometric phases of TMDs are possible, as they have lower formation energies than pure metal membranes. Among them, the orthorhombic metallic 2D M4X4 phase is particularly stable. Finally, we study the properties of this phase in detail and discuss how it can be manufactured by the top-down approaches.
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1. Joseph T. и др. Nonstoichiometric Phases of Two-Dimensional Transition-Metal Dichalcogenides: From Chalcogen Vacancies to Pure Metal Membranes // The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters. 2019. Т. 10. № 21. С. 6492–6498.
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TY - JOUR

DO - 10.1021/acs.jpclett.9b02529

UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpclett.9b02529

TI - Nonstoichiometric Phases of Two-Dimensional Transition-Metal Dichalcogenides: From Chalcogen Vacancies to Pure Metal Membranes

T2 - The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters

AU - Joseph, T.

AU - Ghorbani-Asl, M.

AU - Kvashnin, A. G.

AU - Larionov, K. V.

AU - Popov, Z. I.

AU - Sorokin, P. B.

AU - Krasheninnikov, Arkady V.

PY - 2019

DA - 2019/10/07

PB - American Chemical Society (ACS)

SP - 6492-6498

IS - 21

VL - 10

SN - 1948-7185

SN - 1948-7185

ER -

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@article{2019,

doi = {10.1021/acs.jpclett.9b02529},

url = {https://doi.org/10.1021%2Facs.jpclett.9b02529},

year = 2019,

month = {oct},

publisher = {American Chemical Society ({ACS})},

volume = {10},

number = {21},

pages = {6492--6498},

author = {T. Joseph and M. Ghorbani-Asl and A. G. Kvashnin and K. V. Larionov and Z. I. Popov and P. B. Sorokin and Arkady V. Krasheninnikov},

title = {Nonstoichiometric Phases of Two-Dimensional Transition-Metal Dichalcogenides: From Chalcogen Vacancies to Pure Metal Membranes}

}

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Joseph, T. et al. “Nonstoichiometric Phases of Two-Dimensional Transition-Metal Dichalcogenides: From Chalcogen Vacancies to Pure Metal Membranes.” The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 10.21 (2019): 6492–6498. Crossref. Web.